Learn in this KoCo Blog article about all the different Skin Types and which Korean Skincare product should you use.
Four main skin type definitions used by the skincare industry:
  • Oily
  • Combination
  • Dry
  • Normal skin

For some, identifying their skin type can be easy. For others with less obvious signs, it can be a challenge. In addition, skin types can change depending on various factors such as age, environment, climate, stress level, sleep quality or eating habits.

When it comes to choosing skincare products, your skin type will be the first aspect to consider. Let's break down the four skin types and give you some skincare routine tips and product recommendations.

Oily Skin

An Oily skin is usually quite easy to identify. Is your skin shiny all year round regardless of it being a hot summer evening or a dry winter day? Then you most likely fall into this skin type category. Oily skin is a result of your skins over production of oil. Excess oil causes bacteria to be trapped in pores frequently resulting in breakouts, acne and blemishes.

It is important to understand that oily skin does not mean a hydrated skin. In fact, oily skin can be a result of dehydration. When your skin is dehydrated, your sebaceous glands go into overdrive. Your sebaceous glands produce the oil your skin needs to protect itself. Therefore, to treat oily skin, we recommend a thorough cleansing to ensure a proper oil/hydration balance and a strict moisturising routine. We recommend using gel or watery textures instead of thicker creams to lock the moisture down.

Our product recommendations:

COSRX - Salicylic Acid Daily Gentle Cleanser | KoCosmo

 

COSRX - Salicylic Acid Daily Gentle Cleanser contains Salicylic Acid and Wintergreen Leaf extract. Salicylic Acid also called BHA is a cleaning agent that gently exfoliates dead cells and removes impurities from clogged pores. Wintergreen Leaf on the other hand, has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The combination of these ingredients will give you a thorough cleanse while improving your natural skin barrier. This cleanser is ideal for acne and blemish prone skin.

 

The Vegan Glow Mild Foam Cleanser | KoCosmo

 

 

The Vegan Glow Mild Foam Cleanser contains no paraben, no sulfate and no other harsh chemicals. Its mild unscented formula will cleanse your skin while keeping hydration and oil production in balance.

 

 

Benton - Aloe Propolis Soothing Gel | KoCosmo

 

 

Benton - Aloe Propolis Soothing Gel is the perfect formula for oily skin. Aloe Vera and Propolis ingredients soothe the skin while providing moisture and nutrition. The gel texture is absorbed quickly and thus ideal for oily skin.

 

 

Combination skin

Combination skin as its name states, is a combination of different skin types. The most common combination is oily to dry skin. This means you would have an oily T-zone and dry skin on the cheeks, around the mouth and eyes. The combination could be different such as having normal skin everywhere else expect a dry T-zone. To sum up, a combination skin is a blend of different skin types. In addition, these combinations are subject to change depending on the weather and climate in which you find yourself.

Adapting your skincare routine to a combination skin can be tricky as it requires different treatments on different areas. However, the key to combination skin is hydration. A combination skin is frequently a sign of an imbalance or dehydration. We therefore recommend you make sure to frequently hydrate and protect your natural skin barrier. Harsh products and over exfoliation should be avoided. Bring back your skin's natural balance with layering of light texture products, such as, toners, essences and moisturising gels.

Our product recommendations:

COSRX Low PH Good Morning Gel Cleanser | KoCosmo

 

 

COSRX Low PH Good Morning Gel Cleanser has a low pH of 5 which perfectly suits combination skins, its mild formula with Tea Tree oil evens out skin complexion without stripping your natural skin barrier.

 

 

Klairs Supple Preparation Unscented Toner | KoCosmo

 

 

Klairs Supple Preparation Unscented Toner plant-based extracts formula, gently cleanses and hydrates the skin. The Centella Asiatica prevents any irritation and soothes dry patches. Enriched with Hyaluronic Acid it stimulates collagen production and improves skin elasticity.

 

 

Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin E Mask | KoCosmo

 

 

Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin E Mask is powered by Vitamin E which acts as antioxidant. The Niacinamide and Vitamin C combination will resolve dehydration while evening out your skin complexion.

 

 

Dry skin

Having a dry skin is normal during the cold winter months. But if you are someone with a dry skin type, you will experience this no matter the climate. A dry skin will sometimes feel tight, irritated or itchy. This is a clear sign of dehydration and a lack of moisture. This can be due to an incorrect skincare routine, dry and cold climate, but also due to normal daily activities such as hot long showers, baths and saunas. These activities can disrupt your skin's natural balance as the heat can pull moisture from your skin.

Dry skin can lead to redness, early signs of aging and skin sensitivity. To remedy dry skin we recommend going for a mild cleanser. Cleansers are often too harsh, stripping the natural barrier off your skin worsening dry patches and irritations. The next step is to increase the layers of moisture with your toner, essence and serum. These products are easy to layer as they mostly have ultra-light and quick absorbing textures.

Lastly, consistency is key. Apply your moisturiser twice a day with no exception, use a light moisturiser in the morning (before applying your makeup) and a thicker cream or a night mask in the evening. Sleep & Repeat.

Our product recommendations:

Klairs Gentle Black Deep Cleansing Oil | KoCosmo

 

 

Klairs Gentle Black Deep Cleansing Oil is formulated with Black Currant, Jojoba, Sesame and soybean oils. It gently removes makeup, efficiently cleans pores and restores your natural oils balance.

 

 

Pyunkang Yul Essence Toner | KoCosmo

 

 

Pyunkang Yul Essence Toner main focus is to nourish and moisturise dry skin. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties will protect sensitive skins and reveal your natural glow.

 

 

COSRX Advanced Snail 96 Mucin Power Essence | KoCosmo

 

 

COSRX Advanced Snail 96 Mucin Power Essence contains 96% filtered Snail Mucin which is known for its deep hydration properties. It helps with skin cells regeneration and softens dull patches efficiently.

 

 

Benton Snail Bee Ultimate Serum | KoCosmo

 

 

Benton Snail Bee Ultimate Serum provides intense nutrition and fast absorption due to its fine molecule formula. The combination of Snail Mucin and Bee Venom actively reduces fine lines and wrinkles while improving skin elasticity.

 

 

COSRX Ultimate Nourishing Rice Overnight Spa mask

 

 

COSRX Ultimate Nourishing Rice Overnight Spa mask is the perfect sleeping mask. The Niacinamide and Rice formula will nourish your skin overnight and have you wake up to a soft and plump face in the morning.

 

 

Normal skin

Normal skin is naturally healthy, balanced and feels nourished at all times. Your natural oil production is well balanced and perfectly regulated. Normal skin shows no signs of excess sebum, dryness, large or tight pores. Your skin adapts easily to different environments and weather conditions. It might feel slightly more oily or tight in humid or dry climates, but it gets back its soft and supple touch without having to undertake several regulating treatments.

Normal skin doesn’t always equal perfect skin, you may experience small hormonal breakouts as well as hyperpigmentation and fine lines. Anyone with normal skin should thank their genetics. However, to maintain your skin, you must keep healthy habits. As mentioned above, cleansing, treating, moisturising and protecting your skin is non negotiable. With age, all skins are subject to fine lines. We therefore highly recommend applying a serum and an essence daily to slow down fine lines developing into wrinkles at a young age.

Our product recommendations:

Benton Fermentation Essence | KoCosmo

 

 

Benton Fermentation Essence acts intensively to fade away hyperpigmentation, wrinkles and fine lines. The Hyaluronic Acid and Ceramide formulation boosts collagen production and reinforces your skin elasticity.

 

 

Jumiso Have a good cream Snail & Centella | KoCosmo

 

 

Jumiso Have a good cream Snail & Centella is a perfect daily moisturiser, light in texture and heavy in nutrients. The Snail Mucin and Centella Asiatica formulation deeply nourishes the skin without leaving a greasy feeling.